Docker is a tool I have been looking to incorporate into my development process for sometime. I have used it many times glossing over the basics and hacking my way through it, but I have not dug in to the finer details of how to operate docker until now. This guide assumes you already have Docker installed.
What is Docker?
Docker is an open-source project for automating the deployment of applications as portable, self-sufficient containers that can run on the cloud, on-premises, or locally. Docker is also a company that promotes and evolves this technology.
Docker allows you to run code inside a container that communicates directly with the host operating system through the Docker engine. Containers are like a computer with an image that is ready to run. The image is like a ready to go hard drive for a container. One of the biggest appeals of Docker is that it allows you to create and run consistent environments, meaning you will not run into situations where code works on someone’s machine but not yours.
Getting started with the basics
Docker is a big topic. We will be exploring it piece by piece and hopefully by the end a clearer understanding of what Docker is, and how to use it will emerge.
Dockerfile is used to build a Docker image. It is a basic file that contains sequential instructions on how to build an image. The name must be capitalized for it to work. Let’s create a project directory with a Dockerfile in it with the following code:
FROM ubuntu MAINTAINER edwin RUN apt-get update CMD ["echo", "Welcome to Docker"]
Now let’s breakdown each line.